The organization of agonistic relations within two captive groups of Java-monkeys (Macaca fascicularis)

Author: de Waal, F.B.

Description: The paper offers a detailed quantitative description of the distribution of agonistic activities over the members of two groups of Java-monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). These groups lived in captivity and were well-established: i.e. they had an extensive network of genealogical relationships. The study pays special attention to agonistic interactions with three or more participants. Its main purpose is an analysis of the way dyadic agonistic relations (e.g. dominance relations) are affected by third group members and the relations among these. The paper presents data on the ontogeny of ‘dependent dominance’, the ‘control role’ of the alpha-male, and the functions of different types of alliances.

Subject headings: Age Factors; Aggression; Animals; Behavior, Animal/physiology; Competitive Behavior/physiology; Fear; Female; Haplorhini; Humans; Macaca/physiology; Macaca fascicularis/physiology; Male; Sex Factors; Social Behavior; Social Dominance

Publication year: 1977

Journal or book title: Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie

Volume: 44

Issue: 3

Pages: 225-282

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Type: Journal Article

Serial number: 126