Role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders

Author: Eagly, A.H.; Karau, S.J.

Description: A role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders proposes that perceived incongruity between the female gender role and leadership roles leads to 2 forms of prejudice: (a) perceiving women less favorably than men as potential occupants of leadership roles and (b) evaluating behavior that fulfills the prescriptions of a leader role less favorably when it is enacted by a woman. One consequence is that attitudes are less positive toward female than male leaders and potential leaders. Other consequences are that it is more difficult for women to become leaders and to achieve success in leadership roles. Evidence from varied research paradigms substantiates that these consequences occur, especially in situations that heighten perceptions of incongruity between the female gender role and leadership roles.

Subject headings: Conflict (Psychology); Female; Gender Identity; Humans; Leadership; Personnel Management; Prejudice; Psychological Theory; Role

Publication year: 2002

Journal or book title: Psychological Review

Volume: 109

Issue: 3

Pages: 573-598

Find the full text : http://www.web.pdx.edu/~mev/pdf/PAP%20621/Eagley_Role_Congruity_Theory.pdf

Find more like this one (cited by): https://scholar.google.com/scholar?cites=2766482657703223202&as_sdt=1000005&sciodt=0,16&hl=en

Type: Journal Article

Serial number: 271