Challenging conventional wisdom about who quits: revelations from corporate America

Author: Hom, P.W.; Roberson, L.; Ellis, A.D.

Description: Findings from 20 corporations from the Attrition and Retention Consortium, which collects quit statistics about 475,458 professionals and managers, extended and disputed established findings about who quits. Multilevel analyses revealed that company tenure is curvilinearly related to turnover and that a job’s past attrition rate strengthens the (negative) performance-exit relationship. Further, women quit more than men, while African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Asian Americans quit more than White Americans, though racial differences disappeared after confounds were controlled for. African American, Hispanic American, and Asian American women quit more than men of the same ethnicities and White Americans, but statistical controls nullified evidence for dual discrimination toward minority women. Greater corporate flight among women and minorities during early employment nonetheless hampers progress toward a more diversified workforce in corporate America.

Subject headings: Adult; African Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data; Asian Americans/statistics & numerical data; Canada; Career Mobility; Employee Performance Appraisal/statistics & numerical data; European Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data; Female; Hispanic Americans/statistics & numerical data; Humans; Industry/manpower; Male; Middle Aged; Minority Groups/statistics & numerical data; Personnel Turnover/statistics & numerical data; Sex Ratio; Socioeconomic Factors; United States

Publication year: 2008

Journal or book title: The Journal of Applied Psychology

Volume: 93

Issue: 1

Pages: 1-34

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Type: Journal Article

Serial number: 273