Self-perceived and independently observed competence of young adolescents as a function of parental marital conflict and recent divorce

Author: Long, N.; Forehand, R.; Fauber, R.; Brody, G.H.

Description: The self-perceived and independently observed cognitive and social competence of young adolescents as a function of parental conflict and recent divorce was investigated. Subjects were 40 young adolescents between the ages of 11 years 1 month and 15 years 1 month. A 2 X 2 factorial design was used, with the independent variables being parental marital status (married vs. recently divorced) and parental conflict (high vs. low). Dependent variables included the following measures of adolescent competence: adolescent-completed measures of self-perceived competence, teacher-completed measures, behavioral observations, and school grades. The results indicated that the level of parental conflict, rather than parental marital status, appears to be the critical variable associated with adolescents’ independently observed levels of cognitive and social competence. In regard to adolescents’ self-perceived levels of cognitive and social competence, parental marital status was found to be the critical variable. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Subject headings: Achievement; Adolescent; Adolescent Psychology; Child; Cognition; Divorce; Female; Humans; Interpersonal Relations; Male; Marriage; Mother-Child Relations; Peer Group; Self Concept; Social Desirability

Publication year: 1987

Journal or book title: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

Volume: 15

Issue: 1

Pages: 15-27

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Type: Journal Article

Serial number: 286