Author: Neumann, D.; Lichtenberger, O.; Gnther, D.; Tschiersch, K.; Nover, L.
Description: Cell cultures of Lycopersicon peruvianum L. stressed with CdSO4 (10−3M) show typical changes in the ultrastructure, starting with the plasmalemma and later on extending to the endoplasmic reticulum and the mitochondrial envelope. Part of the membrane material is extruded, with the formation of osmiophilic droplets which increase in size and number during the stress period. After 4 h, about 20‰ of the cells are dead. A short heat stress preceeding the heavy-metal stress induces a tolerance effect by preventing the membrane damage. The cells show a normal ultrastructure with one exception: cytoplasmic heat-shock granules are formed. This protective effect can be abolished by cycloheximide. Cadmium uptake is not markedly influenced by the heat stress. Cadmium is found together with sulfur in small deposits in the vacuoles of stressed cells. The precipitates contain an excess of sulfur, evidently due to the stress-induced formation of phytochelatins. The role in heavy-metal tolerance of heat-shock proteins in the plasmalemma (HSP70) and in cytoplasmic heat-stress granules (HSP17, HSP70) is discussed.
Subject headings: Lycopersicon peruvianum; Heat-shock proteins; Heat stress
Publication year: 1994
Journal or book title: Planta
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Type: Journal Article
Serial number: 893