Developing Mechanisms of Self-Regulation in Early Life

Author: Rothbart, M.K.; Sheese, B.E.; Rueda, M.R.; Posner, M.I.

Description: Children show increasing control of emotions and behavior during their early years. Our studies suggest a shift in control from the brain’s orienting network in infancy to the executive network by the age of 3-4 years. Our longitudinal study indicates that orienting influences both positive and negative affect, as measured by parent report in infancy. At 3-4 years of age, the dominant control of affect rests in a frontal brain network that involves the anterior cingulate gyrus. Connectivity of brain structures also changes from infancy to toddlerhood. Early connectivity of parietal and frontal areas is important in orienting; later connectivity involves midfrontal and anterior cingulate areas related to executive attention and self-regulation.

Subject headings: Children; Emotions; Behavior; Self-regulation; Brain

Publication year: 2011

Journal or book title: Emotion Review : Journal of the International Society for Research on Emotion

Volume: 3

Issue: 2

Pages: 207-213

Find the full text : https://www.strategian.com/fulltext/Rothbart2011.pdf

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Type: Journal Article

Serial number: 3005