Engineering the Active Site of the Amine Transaminase from Vibrio fluvialis for the Asymmetric Synthesis of Aryl-Alkyl Amines and Amino Alcohols

Author: Nobili, A.; Steffen-Munsberg, F.; Kohls, H.; Trentin, I.; Schulzke, C.; Höhne, M.; Bornscheuer, U.T.

Description: Although the amine transaminase from Vibrio fluvialis has often been applied as a catalyst for the biocatalytic preparation of various chiral primary amines, it is not suitable for the transamination of alpha-hydroxy ketones and aryl-alkyl ketones bearing an alkyl substituent larger than a methyl group. We addressed this problem through a systematic mutagenesis study of active site residues to expand its substrate scope towards two bulky ketones. We identified two mutants (F85L/V153A and Y150F/V153A) showing 30-fold increased activity in the conversion of (S)-phenylbutylamine and (R)-phenylglycinol, respectively. Notably, they facilitated asymmetric synthesis of these amines with excellent enantiomeric purities of 98% ee.

Subject headings: Amine Transaminase; Synthesis; Aryl-Alkyl Amines; Amino Alcohols; Vibrio fluvialis

Publication year: 2015

Journal or book title: ChemCatChem

Volume: 7

Issue: 5

Pages: 757-760

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Type: Journal Article

Serial number: 2355