Paradoxical role of antibodies in dengue virus infections: considerations for prophylactic vaccine development

Author: Acosta, E.G.; Bartenschlager, R.

Description: Highly effective prophylactic vaccines for flaviviruses including yellow fever virus, tick-borne encephalitis virus and Japanese encephalitis virus are currently in use. However, the development of a dengue virus (DENV) vaccine has been hampered by the requirement of simultaneous protection against four distinct serotypes and the threat that DENV-specific antibodies might either mediate neutralization or, on the contrary, exacerbate disease through the phenomenon of antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of infection. Therefore, understanding the cellular, biochemical and molecular basis of antibody-mediated neutralization and ADE are fundamental for the development of a safe DENV vaccine. Here we summarize current structural and mechanistic knowledge underlying these phenomena. We also review recent results demonstrating that the humoral immune response triggered during natural DENV infection is able to generate neutralizing antibodies binding complex quaternary epitopes only present on the surface of intact virions.

Subject Headings: Animals; Antibodies, Neutralizing/immunology; Antibodies, Viral/immunology; *Antibody-Dependent Enhancement; Dengue/immunology/pathology; Dengue Vaccines/immunology/isolation & purification; Dengue Virus/immunology; Humans; Ade; Dengue virus; antibody-dependent enhancement of infection; antigenic structure; human humoral response; immature viral particles; neutralization; quaternary epitopes; tetravalent vaccine; virus dynamics; virus entry

Keywords: Paradoxical role of antibodies in dengue virus infections: considerations for prophylactic vaccine development

Publication year: 2016

Journal or book title: Expert Review of Vaccines

Volume: 15

Issue: 4

Pages: 467-482

Find the full text : https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1586/14760584.2016.1121814

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Type: Journal Article

Serial number: 2589