Novel chromone and xanthone derivatives: Synthesis and ROS/RNS scavenging activities

Author: Proenca, C.; Albuquerque, H.M.T.; Ribeiro, D.; Freitas, M.; Santos, C.M.M.; Silva, A.M.S.; Fernandes, E.

Description: Chromones and xanthones are oxygen-containing heterocyclic compounds acknowledged by their antioxidant properties. In an effort to develop novel agents with improved activity, a series of compounds belonging to these chemical classes were prepared. Their syntheses involve the condensation of appropriate 2-methyl-4H-chromen-4-ones, obtained via Baker-Venkataraman rearrangement, with (E)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)acrylaldehyde to provide the corresponding 2-[(1E,3E)-4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)buta-1,3-dien-1-yl]-4H-chromen-4-ones. Subsequent electrocyclization and oxidation of these compounds led to the synthesis of 1-aryl-9H-xanthen-9-ones. After cleavage of the protecting groups, hydroxylated chromones and xanthones were assessed as scavenging agents against both reactive oxygen species (ROS) [superoxide radical (O2(*-)), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), hypochlorous acid (HOCl), singlet oxygen ((1)O2), and peroxyl radical (ROO(*))] and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) [nitric oxide ((*)NO) and peroxynitrite anion (ONOO(-))]. Generally, all the tested new hydroxylated chromones and xanthones exhibited scavenger effects dependent on the concentration, with IC50 values found in the micromolar range. Some of them were shown to have improved scavenging activity when compared with previously reported analogues, allowing the inference of preliminary conclusions on the structure-activity relationship.

Subject Headings: Chromones/chemistry; Reactive Nitrogen Species/chemistry; Reactive Oxygen Species/chemistry; Xanthones/chemistry; Antioxidant activity; Chromones; Reactive nitrogen species; Reactive oxygen species; Xanthones

Keywords: Novel chromone and xanthone derivatives: Synthesis and ROS/RNS scavenging activities

Subject headings:

Publication year: 2016

Journal or book title: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

Volume: 115

Issue:

Pages: 381-392

Find the full text : https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0223523416302252

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Type: Journal Article

Serial number: 2602