Veterinary use and antibiotic resistance

Author: Teuber, M.

Description: Globally, an estimated 50% of all antimicrobials serve veterinary purposes. Bacteria that inevitably develop antibiotic resistance in animals comprise food-borne pathogens, opportunistic pathogens and commensal bacteria. The same antibiotic resistance genes and gene transfer mechanisms can be found in the microfloras of animals and humans. Direct contact, food and water link animal and human habitats. The accumulation of resistant bacteria by the use of antibiotics in agriculture and veterinary medicine and the spread of such bacteria via agriculture and direct contamination are documented.

Subject headings: Agriculture; Animals; Animals, Domestic; Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage/pharmacology/therapeutic use; Bacteria/drug effects; Drug Resistance, Bacterial; Drug Utilization; Humans; Veterinary Drugs; Veterinary Medicine; Antibiotic resistance

Publication year: 2001

Journal or book title: Current Opinion in Microbiology

Volume: 4

Issue: 5

Pages: 493-499

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Type: Journal Article

Serial number: 1671