Co-rumination in the friendships of girls and boys

Author: Rose, Amanda J.

Description: This research addresses a new construct, co-rumination. Co-rumination refers to extensively discussing and revisiting problems, speculating about problems, and focusing on negative feelings. Friendship research indicates that self-disclosure leads to close relationships; however, coping research indicates that dwelling on negative topics leads to emotional difficulties. Co-rumination is a single construct that integrates both perspectives and is proposed to be related both to positive friendship adjustment and problematic emotional adjustment. Third-, fifth-, seventh-, and ninth-grade participants (N = 608) responded to questionnaires, including a new measure of co-rumination. Co-rumination was related to high-quality, close friendships and aspects of depression and anxiety. Girls reported co-ruminating more than did boys, which helped to account for girls’ more positive friendship adjustment and greater internalizing symptoms. Other analyses addressed whether co-rumination and the related constructs of self-disclosure and rumination had different relations with friendship and emotional adjustment.

Subject headings: Affect; Child; Child Behavior; psychology; Female; Friends; Humans; Interpersonal Relations; Male; Self Disclosure; Social Adjustment; Surveys and Questionnaires

Publication year: 2002

Journal or book title: Child development

Volume: 73

Issue: 6

Pages: 1830-1843

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Serial number: 3717

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